Updated on November 17, 2021 with new outbreak information

A 39-state onion Salmonella outbreak includes 25 people in Minnesota, according to state health officials. Many of the people in this outbreak said they ate onions in restaurant food before they developed Salmonella infections.

The Minnesota residents who are part of this outbreak range in age from 7 to 77 years old and reported first experiencing symptoms of a Salmonella infection on dates ranging from August 8, 2021, to September 18, 2021. Four of them were so sick they needed to be hospitalized.

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says it first identified this outbreak on September 2, 2021, and that it has been rapidly growing ever since. As of November 16, 2021, 892 illnesses from 39 states have been reported. The case total from each state is: Alabama (5), Arkansas (17), California (14), Colorado (3), Connecticut (5), Florida (43), Georgia (2), Hawaii (1) Illinois (48), Indiana (1), Iowa (4), Kansas (17), Kentucky (9), Louisiana (8), Maryland (63), Massachusetts (13), Michigan (10), Minnesota (25), Mississippi (3), Missouri (51), Nebraska (9), New Jersey (5), New Mexico (11), New York (20), North Carolina (23), North Dakota (4), Ohio (8), Oklahoma (114), Oregon (2), Pennsylvania (13), South Carolina (4), South Dakota (9), Tennessee (14), Texas (207), Utah (3), Virginia (69), West Virginia (1), and Wisconsin (30).

cdc Salmonella oranienburg map mn


Of the 892 people sickened in this outbreak, 183people have been hospitalized. The people sickened, who range in age from less than 1 to 97 years old, said they first became ill on dates ranging from May 31, 2021, to October 13, 2021.

Focussing on the clusters of illnesses associated with restaurant food, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) collected purchasing records from the restaurants where the patients ate and analyzed them to try and identify a common food distributor or supplier. Through this process, the agency was able to identify onions imported from Chihuahua, Mexico, as the source of the outbreak.

Two produce distributors have issued recalls for red, white, and yellow onions, ProSource Inc. of Hailey, Idaho, and Keeler Family Farms in Deming, NM. These onions were distributed to restaurants, foodservice operations and grocery stores from July 1, 2021, through August 25, 2021. Secondary recalls from HelloFresh, EveryPlate and Green Giant have also been issued.

In Minnesota, the recalled onions were distributed to restaurants and to Target stores in Plymouth, Stillwater, St. Paul MIdway, and Richfield.

Salmonella Outbreaks in Minnesota

Restaurants are the most common setting for food poisoning outbreaks, according to the CDC. In Minnesota, there have been at least two recent Salmonella outbreaks at restaurants. One, in June 2021, was at Don Julio’s restaurant in North Branch. The other at, Great Moon Buffet in West St. Paul, MN, sickened 17 people who ate at the restaurant in June and July.

Food Poisoning Information

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UPDATE: This post was originally published on September 20, 2021, and updated October 21, 2021, to include updated illness totals and information about the outbreak source.

UPDATE: This post was updated on November 17, 2021 to include updated case totals.